How many countries are there in Europe?
There are 51 countries in Europe. Nevertheless, it remains difficult to give an exact number, because there are many criteria which can be used for selection. Kosovo is included in these 51 countries, although many countries do not officially recognize Kosovo. The Danish Realm consists of Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands and the United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is not the same as Great Britain, the United Kingdom is a combination of Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) and Northern Ireland.
What are the names of the European capitals?
Istanbul is not the capital of Turkey and Zurich is not the capital of Switzerland. The capitals of Turkey, Switzerland and other European countries are listed below.
What are the flag carriers of the European countries?
Most of the European countries have a flag carrier or national airline, some of the most known are British Airways (United Kingdom), Air France (France) and Lufthansa (Germany). Famous names were also Malev from Hungary and Armavia from Armenia, these airlines however went bankrupt in respectively 2012 and 2013. Denmark, Norway and Sweden share one (inter)national airline called Scandinavian Airlines.
How many countries are part of the European Union?
28 countries are part of the European Union. In 1957, the ‘Treaty of Rome’ was signed by Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany, this was the foundation of the ECC (European Economic Community). Meanwhile the number of countries increased to 28 members, newest members are Bulgaria and Romania which joined the European Union in 2007 and Croatia who became a member of the EU on the 1th of July 2013.
How many countries have the euro as their national currency?
There are 19 countries of the European Union that use the euro as their national currency. There are four more countries (Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City) that use the euro as currency, but they are not a part of the European Union. In Kosovo and Montenegro is the euro also used as legal tender, but these countries have no formal agreement with the EU.
|Country||Capital||Airline||EU (28)||euro (19 or 23)|
|1||Albania||Tirana||Belle Air (bankrupt)||candidate||Albanian lek|
|2||Andorra||Andorra la Vella||/||X, not EU|
|3||Armenia||Yerevan||Armavia (bankrupt)||Armenian dram|
|5||Azerbaijan||Baku||Azerbaijan Airlines||Azerbaijani manat|
|8||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo||B&H Airlines (bankrupt)||B. and H. convertible mark|
|9||Bulgaria||Sofia||Bulgaria Air||X||Bulgarian lev|
|10||Croatia||Zagreb||Croatia Airlines||X||Croatian kuna|
|11||Cyprus||Nicosia||Cyprus Airways (bankrupt)||X||X|
|12||Czech Republic||Prague||Czech Airlines||X||Czech koruna|
|13||Denmark||Copenhagen||Scandinavian Airlines||X||Danish krone|
|17||Georgia||Tbilisi||Georgian Airways||Georgian lari|
|20||Hungary||Budapest||Malev (bankrupt)||X||Hungarian forint|
|24||Kazakhstan||Astana||Air Astana||Kazakhstani tenge|
|30||Macedonia||Skopje||MAT Macedonian Airlines (bankrupt)||candidate||Macedonian denar|
|32||Moldova||Chisinau||Air Moldova||Moldovan leu|
|33||Monaco||Monaco||/||X, not EU|
|34||Montenegro||Podgorica||Montenegro Airlines||candidate||X, unofficial|
|36||Norway||Oslo||Scandinavian Airlines||Norwegian krone|
|38||Portugal||Lisbon||TAP Air Portugal||X||X|
|41||San Marino||San Marino||/||X, not EU|
|42||Serbia||Belgrade||Air Serbia||candidate||Serbian dinar|
|43||Slovakia||Bratislava||Slovak Airlines (bankrupt)||X||X|
|46||Sweden||Stockholm||Scandinavian Airlines||X||Swedish krona|
|48||Turkey||Ankara||Turkish Airlines||candidate||Turkish lira|
|49||Ukraine||Kiev||Ukraine International Airlines||Ukrainian hryvnia|
|50||United Kingdom||London||British Airways||X||Pound sterling|
|51||Vatican City||Vatican City||/||X, not EU|
Other known European airlines are:
- HOP! (France)
- Condor, Eurowings, Germania (Germany)
- Olympic Air (Greece)
- Wizz Air (Hungary)
- Ryanair (Ireland)
- Meridiana (Italy)
- Transavia (Netherlands)
- Norwegian (Norway)
- Blue Air (Romania)
- Rossiya Airlines, Pobeda, S7 Airlines, Utair, Ural Airlines (Russia)
- Air Europa, Vueling (Spain)
- Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress (Turkey)
- easyJet, Flybe, Jet2, Virgin Atlantic (United Kingdom)