What are Automated People Movers and where can you find them?

Have you ever wondered what they call that typical trains in airports? The official name is ‘Automated People Mover’, this term is used for fully automated and driverless transit systems. In first instance, an Automated People Mover looks like a regular metro or subway-train, but if you look better you’ll see that these trains have rubber tyres instead of regular train wheels. The advantage of rubber tyres instead of rails is a faster acceleration and shorter braking distance, which is ideal for short rides and also for longer distances at an airport. 

What are Automated People Movers used for?

Automated People Movers are used for those short rides to transfer a relatively large group of about 300 passengers per ride in a small timescale. In this way, passengers can travel faster between terminals, concourses and gates. This will lead to a shorter minimum connecting time and a shorter origin to destination time. The shorter the time passengers need to travel, the better their travel experience will be. For airports, the travel experience of passengers is very important. Airports want to be the preferred transit airport for as many passengers as possible to generate more income.

Where can Automated People Movers be found?

Nowadays, Automated People Movers can be found all over the world in large airports which handle a lot of (transfer)passengers such as Dubai International Airport, Atlanta Airport and Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport. Some of those airports use an APM at the landside and some at the airside of the airport. On the airside, they can be used by passengers to transfer between terminals, concourses or gates. On the landside, the system can be used to transfer between the terminal and the parking, public transportation centre or sometimes directly to the city centre.

When was the first Automated People Mover introduced?

The first Automated People Mover which was implemented at an airport was the Tampa International Airport People Mover in 1971, developed by Adtranz (which is now Bombardier Transportation). Because of the success of this system, two years later in 1973, the second Automated People Mover system opened at Seattle-Tacoma Airport. In the first two decades, the Automated People Mover system was only used in the United States. In the 90s, the first Automated People Movers were introduced in Asia and Europe. In Asia, the first APM opened in 1990 at Singapore Changi Airport and Europe followed one year later when an APM system was introduced at London Stansted Airport.

Automated People Movers manufacturers

There are about a dozen manufacturers which produce Automated People Mover systems, Bombardier and Mitsubishi have the largest market share in this industry. In all airports over the world, there are in total 58 Automated People Movers. Some airports have two or sometimes even three People Movers. In the following list, all Automated People Mover systems can be found.

Airport Code Airport Name APM Name Year (Re)Starting Operation Manufacturer Model Airside/ Landside
ATL Hartsfield- Jackson Airport ATL Skytrain 2009 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Landside
The Plane Train 1980 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
PEK Beijing Capital Airport Terminal 3 People Mover 2008 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
DXB Dubai International Airport Dubai International Airport Mover 2008 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Airside
2016 Bombardier Innovia APM 300 Airside
LAX Los Angeles Airport Airport Metro Connector Under Construction n/a n/a  n/a
ORD O’Hare Airport Airport Transit System 1993 Matra VAL Landside
LHR Heathrow Airport ULTra 2011 n/a n/a Landside
The Transit (Terminal 5 Transit) 2008 Bombardier Innovia APM 200 Airside
HKG Hong Kong Airport Hong Kong International Airport Automated People Mover 1998 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Airside
CDG Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport CDGVAL 2007 Siemens AirVAL Landside
2E Line LISA 2007 Siemens AirVAL Airside
DFW Dallas/ Fort Worth International Airport Skylink 2005 Bombardier Innovia APM 200 Airside
CAN Baiyun International Airport Guangzhou Metro 2010 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Landside
FRA Frankfurt Airport The Squaire Metro 2011 Leitner-Poma MniMetro Landside
SkyLine 1994 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
CGK Soekarno-Hatta Airport Soekarno-Hatta International Airport People Mover 2017 PT Len Industri n/a Landside
SIN Changi Airport Changi Airport Skytrain 1990 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Airside
ICN Incheon International Airport Shuttle Train  unknown unknown unknown Airside
Incheon Airport Maglev 2016 Hyundai-Rotem ECOBEE Landside
DEN Denver International Airport Denver International Airport Automated Guideway Transit System 1995 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
BKK Suvarnabhumi International Airport Suvarnabhumi Automated People Mover Under Construction n/a n/a  n/a
JFK John F. Kennedy Airport AirTrain JFK 2003 Bombardier Innovia Metro Landside
KUA Kuala Lumpur International Airport KLIA Aerotrain 1998 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
SFO San Francisco International Airport AirTrain 2003 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Landside
MAD Madrid Barajas International Airport Madrid Barajas Airport People Mover 2005 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
LAS McCarran International Airport McCarren International Airport Automated People Mover 2012 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
SEA Seattle-Tacoma International Airport Satellite Transit System 1973 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
LGW London Gatwick International Airport Gatwick Airport Transit 2010 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Landside
TPE Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Taoyuan International Airport Skytrain 2002 Bombardier Innovia Metro Airside
MEX Benito Juárez International Airport Aerotrén 2007 Doppelmayr Cable Liner Landside
MCO Orlando International Airport Orlando International Airport People Mover 2017 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Landside
1981 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Airside
1990 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
2000
MUC Munich Airport PTS 2016 Bombardier Innovia APM 300 Airside
MIA Miami International Airport SkyTrain 2010 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Airside
Concourse E Mover (MIA e Train) 2016 Leitner- Poma MiniMetro Airside
MIA Mover 2011 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Landside
PHX Sky Harbor International Airport PHX Sky Train 2014 Bombardier Innovia APM 200 Landside
EWR Newark Liberty International Airport AirTrain Newark 1996 Bombardier Innovia Monorail Landside
IAH George Bush International Airport Skyway (TerminaLink) 1999 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
Subway (Inter-terminal Train) 1981 WED Transportation Systems WEDway Landside
FCO Leonardo da Vinci- Fiumicino Airport SkyBridge 1999 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
SVO Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport Sheremetyevo interterminal transit Under Construction n/a n/a  n/a
YYZ Toronto Pearson International Airport LINK Train 2006 Doppelmayr Cable Liner Landside
MSP Minneapolis- St Paul International Airport C Concourse People Mover 2004 Poma-Otis Hovair Airside
Minneapolis- St. Paul Airport Trams 2001 Poma-Otis Hovair Landside
DOH Hamad International Airport Hamad International Airport Mover 2016 Doppelmayr Cable Liner Airside
CAI Cairo International Airport Cairo International Airport Automated People Mover 2012 Leitner-Poma MiniMetro Landside
PA Salgado Filho International Airport Aeromovel 2013 Coester Aeromovel Landside
BOG El Dorado International Airport El Dorado International Airport People Mover Planned n/a n/a  n/a
CVG Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport Cincinnati Airport People Mover 1994 Poma-Otis Hovair Airside
PIT Pittsburgh International Airport Pittsburgh International Airport People Movers 1992 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
SMF Sacremento International Airport SMF Automated People Mover 2011 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
KIX Kansai International Airport Wing Shuttle 1994 Niigata Transys Automated Guideway Transit Airside
DUS Dusseldorf Airport Dusseldorf SkyTrain 2002 Siemens Overhead Monorail Landside
ZHR Zurich International Airport Skymetro 2003 Poma-Otis Hovair Airside
BHX Birmingham International Airport AirRail Link 2003 Doppelmayr Cable Liner Landside
TPA Tampa International Airport SkyConnect 2018 Mitsubishi Crystal Mover Landside
Tampa International Airport People Movers 1971 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside
LGA LaGuardia Airport AirTrain LaGuardia Proposed n/a n/a  n/a
OAK Oakland International Airport Coliseum- Oakland International Airport Line 2014 Doppelmayr Cable Liner Landside
STN London Stansted Airport Stansted Airport Transit System 1991 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 Airside

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